Alex Pang’s amusing new book The Distraction Addiction addresses those of us who feel panic without a cellphone or computer. And that, he claims, is pretty much all of us. When we’re not online, where we spend four months annually, we’re engaged in the stressful work of trying to get online.
The Distraction Addiction is not framed as a self-help book. It’s a thoughtful examination of the danger of our computing overdose and a historical overview of how technological advances change consciousness. A “professional futurist”, Pang urges an approach which he calls “contemplative computing.” He asks that you pay full attention to “how your mind and body interact with computers and how your attention and creativity are influenced by technology.”
Pang’s first job is to free you from common misconception that doing two things at once allows you to get more done. What is commonly called multitasking is, in fact, switch-tasking, and its harmful effects on productivity are well documented. Pang doesn’t advocate returning to a pre-Internet world. Instead, he asks you to “take a more ecological view of your relationships with technologies and look for ways devices or media may be making specific tasks easier or faster but at the same time making your work and life harder.”
The Distraction Addiction is particularly fascinating on how technologies have changed certain field of labor — often for the worse. For architects, computer-aided design has become essential but in some ways has cheapened the design process. As one architect puts it, “Architecture is first and foremost about thinking...and drawing is a more productive way of thinking” than computer-aided design. Somewhat less amusing are Pang’s solutions for kicking the Internet habit. He recommends the usual behavior-modification approaches, familiar to anyone who has completed a quit-smoking program. Keep logs to study your online profile and decide what you can knock out, download a program like Freedom that locks you out of your browser, or take a “digital Sabbath”. “Unless you’re a reporter or emergency-department doctor, you’ll discover that your world doesn’t fall apart when you go offline.”
121. Alex Pang’s new book is aimed for readers who ______.
A. find their work online too stressful
B. go online mainly for entertainment
C. are fearful about using the cellphone or computer
D. can hardly tear themselves away from the Internet
122. What does Alex Pang try to do in his new book?
A. Offer advice on how to use the Internet effectively.
B. Warn people of the possible dangers of Internet use.
C. Predict the trend of future technological development.
D. Examine the influence of technology on the human mind.
123. What is the common view on multitasking?
A. It enables people to work more efficiently.
B. It is in a way quite similar to switch-tasking.
C. It makes people’s work and life even harder.
D. It distracts people’s attention from useful work.
124. What does the author think of computer-aided design?
A. It considerably cuts down the cost of building design.
B. It somewhat restrains architects’ productive thinking.
C. It is indispensable in architects’ work process.
D. It can free architects from laborious drawing.
125. What is Alex Pang’s recommendation for Internet users?
A. They use the Internet as little as possible.
B. They keep a record of their computer use time.
C. They exercise self-control over their time online.
D. They entertain themselves online on off-days only.
124.【答案】B。解析：细节题。根据“computer-aided design”定义到第四段。从cheapen“贬低”这个词可以看出作者对“computer-aided design”持消极态度，所以排除褒义的A和D选项。虽然文中用了essential“重要的”这个词但并不能表明“computer-aided design”是不可或缺的，所以C选项不对。第三句说：“Architecture is first and foremost about thinking...and drawing is a more productive way of thinking” than computer-aided design.由此可知，绘画比计算机辅助设计更能促进思考。所以B选项“它某种程度上限制了建筑师的高效思考”符合题意，故选B。
125.【答案】C。解析：推断题。根据recommendation定位到最后一段。最后一句话：记录并研究上网记录，看看哪一种行为能尽量不用网络完成，下载一个软件Freedom，尽量不适用浏览器，或设定一个“网络安息日”。这几项建议都是教网民如何减少使用网络时间的，也就是教网民如何控制自己的上网时间，所以选项C正确。选项A“尽量不用网络”与第三段第三句话Pang doesn’t advocate returning to a pre-Internet world.相悖。B和D选项在文中未提到，故选C。